Green brain tree

Providing information about Traumatic Brain Injury for educators, parents, and school psychologists on the NC DPI Registry of Approved Providers.

What is TBI?

NCDPI Definition:

In October 2013, to address the range of conditions that fall within this category, NC Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities published an expanded definition of Traumatic Brain Injury.  This definition (found on page 5 of NC Policies) reads as follows:

Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force or by an internal occurrence resulting in total or partial functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  Causes may include but are not limited to, open or closed head injuries, cerebrovascular accidents (e.g., stroke, aneurysm), infections, kidney or heart failure, electric shock, anoxia, tumors, metabolic disorders, toxic substances, or medical or surgical treatments.  The brain injury can occur in a single event or can result from a series of events (e.g., multiple concussions).  Traumatic brain injury also can occur with or without a loss of consciousness at the time of injury.  Traumatic brain injury may result in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech.  Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, but can include brain injuries induced by birth trauma.

Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities, July 2014

Why do we have the registry of approved providers?

IDEA evaluations of TBI in NC:

NC Policies states that, “all school psychologists providing assessment of children with Traumatic Brain Injury must meet the guidelines of the Exceptional Children Division for training in the assessment of Traumatic Brain Injury and be listed on the Exceptional Children Division’s registry of approved providers (hereafter referred to as the registry)” (p. 73).

 TBI Frequently Asked Questions

NC DPI School-Based Practice Advisory Council


  • To support adequate training and continued professional development for school-based psychologistsin the area of TBI (in accordance with requirements of NC Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities)
  • To serve as a feedback loop and problem-solving team in order to appropriately address field-related issues surrounding the evaluation, identification, and support of students (PK-12) who have sustained a TBI and are receiving their education through a public education agency
  • To provide best practice recommendations to NCDPI in the area of TBI, and also serve as a resource to NCDPI in their decision-making on school-based practice issues related to TBI
NCDPI TBI School-Based Practice Advisory Council Map
Western - No representation at this time. Northwest - No representation at this time. Piedmont-Triad - Amy Clay: School Psychologist (Winston-Salem/Forsyth); Jennifer Woods: School Psychologist (Guilford). North Central - Pete Duquette Neuropsychologist (Durham); Stephen Hooper Neuropsychologist 
 (Orange); Courtney Licklider (Franklin). Northeast - Kim McClellan School Psychologist (Currituck). Southeast - Suzanne Bogle